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The Canadian Impressionists

Discover the illuminating art of The Canadian Impressionists and the early avant-garde artists of Canada.

Baraset House spotlights masterworks by Canadian artists and groundbreaking pioneers who lit up the North American art scene with their captivating images and luminous visions.

DesClayes Seaweed 1

Alice des Clayes
r.c.a., c.s.p.w.c.
(Canadian, 1890-1968)

Taking seaweed from the surf, St. Malo

circa 1925

Exhibited at

The Art Association of Montreal 42nd Annual Spring Exhibition (1925), no.83, titled

"Bringing in the seaweed from the surf, St. Malo"


The Art Association of Montreal Annual Spring Exhibition, Montreal April 26, 1925, no.83.

Gazette (Montreal) April 3 1925, p.6: "an effective seashore scene with horses and cart, by Alice Des Clayes ARCA"

Alberta Cleland McGill gates

Alberta Cleland
(Canadian, 1876-1960)

Construction of The Roddick Gates, McGill University

circa 1925

Of historical Canadian interest. The Roddick Gates Entrance to McGill Univeristy, Sherbrooke Street, Montreal, opened in the spring of 1925. The wrought iron fencing - missing in this image - was installed after the completion in spring 1925 of the limestone pillars. This work captures a period during the construction of the gates, when heavy snows halted the contruction progress. Based on a photograph of the construction in the McCord Museum (Montreal) dated November 28, 1924, this painting dates to the winter months between December 1924 and March 1925.

Jack Beder Barricade framed

Jack Beder
c.a.s., c.s.p.w.c., c.s.g.a
(Canadian, 1910-1987)


(Laurentians) 1955

Exhibited at

Panorama of Montreal Painting,

Ile Ste-Hélène barracks, June 4 - September 3, 1956/

Panorama de la peinture montréalaise,

Restaurant Hélène-de-Champlain, Montréal (QC), 4 juin-3 sept. 1956

(Organisation de l'exposition : Service des Parcs de la Ville de Montréal)

Oil on masonite. Signed 'Beder' lower right.

Titled and dated verso. Inventory #563.

17 inches by 30 inches (22 inches by 36 inches in original hand-carved frame)

Hammond St John NB frame 1

John A. Hammond
(Canadian, 1843-1939)

Harbour of St John, New Brunswick

circa 1891-1892

Titled 'Harbour of St John, New Brunswick' , signed and inscribed no.23 on reverse.


Between 1891-1892, Hammond exhibited a series of luminous views of St John Harbour at The Royal Canadian Academy of Art which took inpiration from the ground-breaking studies of light, colour and atmosphere achieved by Joseph William Mallord Turner (1775-1851). Hammond applied Turner's techiniques to the industrial maritime seascapes of New Brunswick. "Mr. Hammond is essentially a painter of the sea and of the harbour, with its shipping, and that his greatest success are his atmospheric effects, when he fixes on canvas the prismatic beauty that comes from the sunlight struggling through the fog.” (Toronto Star 1920)

As noted in “The Art Gallery,” Montreal Witness, May 10, 1892, Hammond's: "Turneresque studies are always interesting, even if they be not drawn from mythology, as [Turner's] were, but from modern shipping and craft."


John A. Hammond is one of Canada’s earliest celebrated historical artists. He exhibited at the Salon des artistes français in Paris in 1885, The Royal Academy of Art (London) in 1886, the National Gallery in New York in 1887, and at the Pan-American Exhibition in 1901. He was elected Associate of the Royal Canadian Academy in 1890, and became a full member in 1893. He exhibited regularly at the Royal Canadian Academy between 1891 and 1935.

André Lapine
(Canadian, 1866-1952)

In the Sugar Bush

circa 1940

Signed 'André Lapine, A.R.C.A.' lower right

Titled 'In the sugar bush' and inscribed inventory no.68 on reverse.


André Lapine became a member of the Ontario Society of Artists in 1909, and was elected to the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts in 1919. He exhibited frequently at the Royal Canadian Academy of Arts until the 1940s.

Lapine was also a member of the Graphic Arts Club, the Toronto Arts and Letters Club and a founding member of the Canadian Society of Painters in Water Colour.

LAPINE Sugar Bush 1.png
Harold Wellington McCrea

Harold Wellington McCrea
(Canadian, 1887-1969)

The Hill Road

circa 1930

Signed 'McCrea' lower right; titled on the stretcher and on an exhibition label to the reverse.


Sotheby's (Royal Ontario Museum auction, Toronto) Important Canadian Art, 18 May 2001.

Dominion Gallery (Montreal, Canada)

Collection of Dr. Max Stern (Montreal, Canada)

McCrea's works are held in The National Gallery of Canada, the Art Gallery of Ontario and numerous important Canadian collections. McCrea was commissioned by Lady Eaton to paint a ground-breaking mural in the turret room of Eaton Hall (King City) 'in the round' giving homage to the indigenous inhabitants of King City.

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